numbers 22:2-25:9, balak chiastic structure
Friday 21 June 2013
Posted by on
Read Numbers 22:2-25:9 at Bible Gateway.
Last year I posted the paragraph divisions and some of the chiastic structures found within parashah balak. This year I believe I was able to uncover the single chiastic structure formed by the parashah:
Num 22:2-25:9 p+p
1a) Num 22:2-24:9, Moab’s invitation to Balaam / YHVH’s response:
— 1a.1) Num 22:1-39, Balak of Moab invited Balaam to come and curse Israel;
— 1a.2) Num 23:1-24:9, YHVH’s blessing;
central axis) Num 24:10-25 p, The prophecy of the Messiah;
2a) Num 25:1-9 p, Moab’s invitation to Israel / YHVH’s response:
— 2a.1) Num 25:1-2, Moab invited Israel to the sacrifices of their gods;
— 2a.2) Num 25:3-9, YHVH’s wrath.
The chiastic structure reveals that it was Moab’s goal to curse Israel. They tried to do so externally first, using Balaam, but were unable to do so. YHVH had blessed Israel and there was no one on earth with the power to undo that blessing. So then Moab invited Israel, in essence, to curse himself, by forsaking YHVH and His commandments, and embracing idolatry and harlotry. This worked to a limited extent, because wrath came upon Israel, and the plague started among Israel. Israel whom YHVH has blessed, can now only bring the curse upon himself by his disobedience (Deu 28:15)!
But even though Israel voluntarily chose to be cursed through disobedience, it was not enough to bring about her destruction as Moab had hoped. The priest stopped the wrath, the curse, and the plague from spreading when he slew the source of the sin (Num 25:3-9). So although 24,000 died in the plague, the rest were spared. Messiah Yeshua is the High Priest of our confession, who is attending to His priesthood, that no more wrath fall upon Israel. ♥