christine's bible study

The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever. Isa 40:8

exodus 6:2-9:35, va’era “and I appeared” chiastic structure

Read Exodus 6:2-9:35 at Bible Gateway.

And Elohiym spoke to Moses and said: "I am Yehovah the Lord. I will take you as My people, and I will be your God."

The hebrew paragraph divisions are posted here. (I found a transcription error in my notes with the hebrew paragraph divisions, and have made all the appropriate corrections.) Torah portion va’era (“and I appeared”) forms its own chiastic structure:

Exo 6:2-9:35 va’era
1a) Exo 6:2-9 {p} YHVH to reveal the meaning of His name by an outstretched arm + great judgments:
— 1a) Exo 6:2a, Elohiym spoke to Moses and said to him;
— 1b) Exo 6:2b, “I am Yehovah;”
— 1c) Exo 6:3-5, “I established My covenant with Abraham + Isaac + Jacob to give them the land/ I remembered My covenant;
— 1d) Exo 6:6, “I am Yehovah; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians with great judgments;”
— central axis) Exo 6:7a, “I will take you as My people, and I will be your Elohiym;”
— 2d) Exo 6:7b, “You shall know that I am Yehovah your Elohiym who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians;”
— 2c) Exo 6:8a, “I will bring you into the land which I swore to Abraham + Isaac + Jacob/ I will give it to you as a heritage;”
— 2b) Exo 6:8b, “I am Yehovah;”
— 2a) Exo 6:9 {p} Moses spoke to the children of Israel; but they did not heed him because of anguish + cruel bondage.
1b) Exo 6:10-11, Moses to tell Pharaoh to let Israel go + the children of Israel have not heeded Moses;
1c) Exo 6:12a, “How shall Pharaoh heed me;”
1d) Exo 6:12b {p} “I am of uncircumcised lips;”
1e) Exo 6:13 {s} YHVH gave Moses + Aaron a command for Pharaoh, to bring the children of Israel out;
1f) Exo 6:14-15, Heads of the fathers’ houses of Reuben + Simeon;
central axis) Exo 6:16-25a, The seed of Levi;
2f) Exo 6:25b, Heads of the fathers houses’ of Levi;
2e) Exo 6:26-28 {s}, The same Moses + Aaron to whom the Lord said, Speak to Pharaoh to bring Israel out;
— 1a) Exo 6:26a, These are the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said;
— 1b) Exo 6:26b, “Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies;”
 — central axis) Exo 6:27a, These are the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt;
— 2b) Exo 6:27b, To bring out the children of Israel from Egypt;
— 2a) Exo 6:27c-28 {s} These are the same Moses and Aaron + on the day the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt.
2d) Exo 6:29-30a, Moses of uncircumcised lips;
2c) Exo 6:30b {p} “How shall Pharaoh heed me?”
2b) Exo 7:1-7 {p} Moses to tell Pharaoh to let Israel go + Pharaoh will not heed Moses;
2a) Exo 7:8-9:35 {s+s+p+s+s+p+p+s+p+p} Miraculous signs + seven plagues.

The amazing way the seven plagues reveal the meaning of “I am YHVH” is discussed here. That the strong themes begin to reveal the God who performs His word is discussed here. How God multiplies His wonders through the plagues, and how the plagues reveal YHVH as the God who extends mercy in the midst of judgment, is discussed here and here. The A pair of the chiastic structure shows us that it is through the plagues that God teaches both Pharaoh and Israel what “I am YHVH” means … and contrary to what we might have been taught, “I am YHVH” does NOT mean, “I am vengeful, wrathful, angry, and judgmental.” There is no emotion of wrath or anger expressed in the plagues, but the teaching tools of Scripture reveal instead, that through the plagues, YHVH is teaching those who do not know Him, by patient increments, that He is the great God, greater than the false gods they have been taught to believe in, who extends mercy … even to Egyptians.

exodus 6:2-9:35 update

Yesterday and today (Sunday and Monday) I have been studying Exo 6:2-9:35, torah portion va’era, and have completed the chiastic structure of it, which had eluded me up until now. I ran out of time to post it today, but look for it tomorrow, Lord willing.

torah teachings index for sat 21 dec 2013

This is My name forever.

If you are reading the annual Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Exo 1:1-6:1, annual  parashah  shemot,  “names”  (index of study notes). This is the new post for this torah reading.

If you are reading the triennial Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Gen 43:24-44:17, triennial cycle vayavei ha-ish, “then the man brought” (index of study notes).

toward 2014

I apologize that posting has been spotty recently. My husband suffered a life- threatening emergency Thanksgiving week, and we spent some time in the hospital as a result. Thankfully his life was spared, and I am very grateful for that. He is home recovering now, and it is going to be a while before he can return to his normal life. I am doing my best to care for him, and in the mean time while he is unable to return to his job, I am putting in extra hours to hopefully make up the shortfall.

I am still studying my Bible every day as I have done for the past 47 years. I have not always had the time in the past month, to get my notes coherently written up and posted … but I am trying. These daily postings are a priority for me, right under my relationship with God and the care of my husband.

My original plan was to finish going through the New Testament by the end of 2013, and then spend some time in the Psalms and Proverbs in 2014, along with the weekly Torah postings. I think I can get through the end of Hebrews by the end of the year … and am thinking about saving Peter, James, and John for another time. A meaty study of Revelation is already posted. We will begin in Psalms and Proverbs in January, Lord willing, and perhaps fill in here and there with Peter, James, and John, and whatever topical studies the Lord leads me to. :) I would be honored to have you join with me in the study for the new year. :)

hebrews 5, our compassionate high priest

Read Hebrews 5 at Bible Gateway.

All of Heb 5 forms a chiastic structure with part of Heb 4:

Heb 4:12-5:14
1a) Heb 4:12-13, The word of God is living and powerful, discerning the thoughts + intents of the heart;
1b) Heb 4:14, Our great High Priest, Jesus the Son of God + hold fast to our confession;
1c) Heb 4:15, Our High Priest sympathizes with our weaknesses, being tempted as we are, yet without sin;
central axis) Heb 4:16, “Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need;”
2c) Heb 5:1-3, High priests among men have compassion for weaknesses + offer sacrifices for sins;
2b) Heb 5:4-11, High priests called by God, so also with Christ the Son, according to the order of Melchizedek:
2a) Heb 5:12-14, The word of righteousness is solid food for the mature, exercised to discern good and evil.

Jesus our High Priest is the living and powerful Word of God made flesh. He discerns the thoughts and intents of our hearts, yet sympathizes with our weaknesses, since He too has been tempted with the same weaknesses as we are. Even though He is the Son of God, He learned obedience by the things He suffered. In other words, He suffered while being tempted; He suffered with the weaknesses of the flesh that did not want to obey God. But He chose obedience to God despite suffering in every case.

Therefore, let us come boldly to the throne of grace. Our great High Priest, who sympathizes with our weaknesses, will grant us mercy toward our weaknesses, and also give us grace in our time of need, our time of temptation, to choose obedience to God as He did. Temptation is not the time to run from God, but straight to Him with confidence, and He will send us mercy and grace to help us through it.

Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

hebrews 4, there remains a rest

Read Hebrews 4 at Bible Gateway.

There remains therefore a Sabbath keeping for the people of God, for he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His.

The greater portion of this chapter forms a chiastic structure:

Heb 4:1-12
1a) Heb 4:1-2, The promise of rest, lest any come short of it + the gospel preached/ the word they heard:
— 1) Heb 4:1, A promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any come short of it;
— 2) Heb 4:2, The gospel was preached to them + the word they heard not mixed with faith;
1b) Heb 4:3-6, We who have believed do enter that rest:
—- 1a) Heb 4:3a, For we who have believed do enter that rest;
—- 1b) Heb 4:3b, As He has said: “So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest;’”
—- 1c) Heb 4:3c, Although the works were finished from the foundation of the world;
 —- central axis) Heb 4:4a, He has spoken of the seventh day: “And God rested on the seventh day;”
—- 2c) Heb 4:4b, “From all His works;”
—- 2b) Heb 4:5, And again in this place: “They shall not enter My rest;”
—- 2a) Heb 4:6, Some must enter it /those did not enter because of disobedience.
1c) Heb 4:6, It remains that some must enter it/ those did not enter because of disobedience;
1d) Heb 4:7, He designates a certain day, “Today,” after such a long time;
central axis) Heb 4:8a, For if Joshua had given them rest;
2d) Heb 4:8b, Then He would not afterward have spoken of another day;
2c) Heb 4:9, There remains therefore a rest for the people of God;
2b) Heb 4:10, For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His;
2a) Heb 4:11-12, Enter that rest, lest anyone fall + the word of God living + powerful:
— 1) Heb 4:11, Let us be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall by the same disobedience;
— 2) Heb 4:12, The word of God is living + powerful/ discerning the thoughts + intents of the heart.

The writer of Hebrews is making the point, that the rest established on the seventh day from the foundation of the world, is prophesying of a future rest, which Joshua did not fulfill by bringing Israel into the Promised Land. There remains, therefore, a rest for the people of God to enter.

Sabbath rest is prophesying of a future rest. When Adam sinned and disobeyed God, he earned painful labor by the sweat of his brow until the day of his death for himself. Painful toil until death is the reward of sin. But God by His grace, established a day of rest from painful toil until death even before Adam sinned. Rest from the reward of sin is the gift of God by grace, not what we earn or deserve.

Sabbath rest then, is prophesying of the gospel of grace. The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord, not by works, lest any man should boast. We cannot earn life in Him by works, but it is given to us freely as a gift, because God is a gracious and merciful God from the foundation of the world.

Sabbath rest is also prophesying of the millennial reign of Jesus our Lord as King of kings and Lord of lords. It has been close to six millennia since Adam fell and consigned the natural universe under sin, to decay and death, the wages of sin. But the seventh millennium will be a millennium of rest from sin under the kingship of Messiah Yeshua. He will rule the nations with a rod of iron, and the Law of God is the Law of His Kingdom (Psa 2, Rev 2:27, Isa 66). He is the Living Torah which has put on flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth (Joh 1:1, 14).

The people of God enter His rest. They are believers, who receive the Word of God with faith. Their obedience to His Word flows from their belief in His Word from their hearts. So they enter salvation by faith through grace, yet while still here on this earth, they do good, they seek peace and pursue it. They do not abandon good deeds and revel in wickedness just because they do not receive salvation by good deeds. Likewise they rest on the seventh day from Adam’s painful toil, since it is a commandment of God, to remember Him as God and Creator, worthy of service and worship, on the seventh day. They do not abandon rest and worship on the seventh day just because they do not receive salvation by that rest. But as long as it is called “Today,” they continue to prophesy by their seventh day rest of the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the millennial rest He will establish for the earth.