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The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever. Isa 40:8

Tag Archives: chiasmus

exodus 10:1-13:16, bo “go” chiastic structure

Read Exodus 10:1-13:16 at Bible Gateway.

The paragraph divisions for bo are posted here. This torah portion forms its own chiastic structure:

Exo 10:1-13:16 {s+p+p+sx3+p+s+p+p+s+px3}
1a) Exo 10:1-2, I perform these signs before Pharaoh that you may tell your son the mighty things I have done;
1b) Exo 10:3-29 {s+p+p} “Let My people go that they may serve Me,” to be accomplished by the Lord’s outstretched arm;
1c) Exo 11:1-3 {s} Pharaoh will drive you out/ favor in the sight of the Egyptians:
— 1) Exo 11:1, One more plague, afterward Pharaoh will let you go/ drive you out;
— 2) Exo 11:2-3 {s} Ask silver + gold/ the Lord gave them favor in the sight of Egyptians;
1d) Exo 11:4-10 {s+s} At midnight I will strike the land of Egypt and the all the firstborn shall die;
1e) Exo 12:1, Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying;
1f) Exo 12:2-14, Passover instruction:
— 1) Exo 12:2-11, Choose + kill unblemished lamb/ its blood on the doorposts + lintel;
— 2) Exo 12:12-13, For I will pass through Egypt + strike the firstborn/ when I see the blood, I will pass over you;
— 3) Exo 12:14, This Passover a memorial feast to the Lord throughout your generations by everlasting ordinance;
1g) Exo 12:15-16, Eat unleavened bread for seven days/ whoever eats leaven will be cut off;
1h) Exo 12:17a, You shall observe Unleavened Bread;
central axis) Exo 12:17b, On this day I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt;
1h) Exo 12:17c, Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance;
2g) Exo 12:18-20 {p} You shall eat unleavened bread for seven days/ whoever eats leaven shall be cut off;
2f) Exo 12:21-27, Passover commandment:
— 1) Exo 12:21-22, Choose + kill the Passover lamb/ its blood on the lintel + doorposts;
— 2) Exo 12:23, The Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians/ when He sees the blood, He will pass over the door;
— 3) Exo 12:24-27, You shall observe this Passover as an ordinance for you and your sons forever;
2e) Exo 12:28 {s} The children of Israel did so; just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did;
2d) Exo 12:29-30, At midnight the Lord struck the firstborn of Egypt, and they died;
2c) Exo 12:31-36 {p} Pharaoh drove them out/ favor in the sight of the Egyptians:
— 1) Exo 12:31-34, Pharaoh let them go/ Egyptians drove them out in haste;
— 2) Exo 12:35-36 {p} Israel asked silver + gold/ the Lord gave them favor in the sight of Egyptians.
2b) Exo 12:37-51 {p+s+p} Israel ceased their sojourn in Egypt:
— 1a) Exo 12:37-42 {p} At the end of 430 years—on that very same day—all the armies of the Lord went out from Egypt;
— 1b) Exo 12:43, And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover;”
 — central axis) Exo 12:43b-49, The regulations for the ordinance of the Passover;
— 2b) Exo 12:50 {s} Thus all the children of Israel did; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did;
— 2a) Exo 12:51 {p} On that very same day, the Lord brought the children of Israel out of Egypt according to their armies;
2a) Exo 13:1-16 {p+p} Ordinance of the firstborn / Unleavened Bread a testimony to future generations.

So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.I find it interesting that remembering the Lord’s mighty outstretched arm in accomplishing deliverance for Israel as a testimony to future generations is a key highlighted at the open and close of this parashah.

Now the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine before him, and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.” Exo 10:1-2

So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is  this?’ that you shall say to him, ‘By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ Exo 13:14-15

The purpose for telling these things in the hearing of our sons and son’s son, is that we and they may know that God is the I AM, YHVH. YHVH means, the Greater One than all the false gods of man- made religion; YHVH means Savior to the uttermost by the blood of our Passover Lamb, Messiah Yeshua; YHVH means Bringer out of whatever darkness and bondage the enemy has us trapped in, and complete Deliverer.

(Please notice that the LORD did not deliver Israel from Egypt so that they could now be anarchists, living in whatever manner they chose for themselves, but so that Israel could serve YHVH rather than serving Pharaoh, He brought them out, Exo 10:3.)

Perhaps we lose 90% of our children to the world, precisely because as the body of Messiah, we have been taught to ignore these remembrances and scoff at these observances with all their attendant regulations, which are an ordinance forever? Perhaps our children do not learn the meaning of “I am YHVH” for themselves because we have ignored the wisdom prescribed by God to transfer the faith from one generation to the next? Perhaps when we do not observe this Passover and Unleavened Bread, we are declaring by our non- observance, that we are not grafted in to the olive tree of Israel (Rom 11:17)? And perhaps, when we realize these things, and repent and return, and submit ourselves to the Lord our God, He also has mercy on our sons and our sons’ sons, and returns them to us, just as we have returned ourselves to Him.

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hebrews 1, the consistency of God

Of old you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but you will endure; Yes, they will all grow old like a garment, like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed. But You are the same, and Your years will have no end.

Read Hebrews 1 at Bible Gateway.

A portion of this chapter forms a chiastic structure:

Heb 1:5-14
1a) Heb 1:5-7, To which of the angels did He ever say + angels spirits/ ministers:
— 1a.1) Heb 1:5-6, Has He ever said to angels, “You are My Son;” (2 Sam 7:14)
— 1a.2) Heb 1:7, He makes His angels spirits, His ministers a flame of fire; (Psa 104:4)
1b) Heb 1:8-9, Your throne, O God, is forever + righteousness the scepter of Your kingdom; (Psa 45:6-7)
central axis) Heb 1:10-12a, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like a garment; like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed;”
2b) Heb 1:12b, You are the same + Your years will not fail; (Psa 102:25-27)
2a) Heb 1:13-14, To which of the angels has He ever said + angels ministering spirits:
— 2a.1) Heb 1:13, Has He ever said to angels, “Sit at My right hand;” (Psa 110:1)
— 2a.2) Heb 1:14, Angels are all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation.

This chapter makes a very strong case for the deity of Messiah Yeshua. For some this presents a problem: if God is One, then how can He be three (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)? I see it a little differently. It is not that He is three and not One; but rather, One, expressed in three distinct and identifiable ways, for His own purposes and glory.

The Son is the express image of His person (vs. 3), which is thematically connected to:

This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created. And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. Gen 5:1-3

Meaning, the begotten Son is the express image of the Father.

Angels are not sons, but servants (vs. 7, 14); who are called to worship the Son (Deu 32:43, Psa 97:7). The Psalmist addresses Messiah as God in Psa 45:6-7. Since it is God only whom we worship, the Son must be God. These facts are established from the Old Testament; the New Testament merely points them out from the Old.

That the Father and the Son are One God is not just a curious bit of trivia but a foundational doctrine of Scripture. What happens when we separate them into two distinct beings as some do? We get two gods of two testaments, a God of the Old Testament who is angry, vengeful, wrathful, and judgmental, and a God of the New Testament who is merciful, gracious, and forgiving. We get an Old Covenant of works which has passed away, and a New Covenant of grace which replaces it. None of these scenarios are biblically accurate. Just as there is One God, there is one Testament which is internally consistent from Genesis to Revelation; there is one faith of the one people of God.

Just as the Father loves righteousness and hates lawlessness (Torah- lessness), a characteristic commonly attributed to the God of the Old Testament, the Son loves righteousness and hates lawlessness or Torah- lessness (vs. 9, and Mat 7:21-23).

Just as the Son extends mercy, grace, and forgiveness, the Father is slow to anger and abounding in longsuffering, mercy, and grace (Exo 34:6). His seat is a mercy seat (Exo 25:17-22).

book of 2 timothy chiastic structure

Without ceasing I remember you in my prayers night and day.

2 Timothy 1:3

Read 2 Timothy at Bible Gateway.

Before we go on to Titus, the entire book of 2 Timothy forms an amazing chiastic structures (the teaching tools of scripture explains chiastic structures for those who are unfamiliar with them):

2 Tim 1:1-4:22
1a) 2 Tim 1:1-2, Salutation + grace, mercy, peace in Jesus Christ our Lord;
1b) 2 Tim 1:3-4, Paul greatly desiring to see Timothy;
1c) 2 Tim 1:5-2:26, Stir up/ hold fast what you received/ heard + exhortation to faithful ministry;
1d) 2 Tim 3:1-13, Evil men and imposters in the last days:
— 1a) 2 Tim 3:1-9, Evil men and imposters in the last days:
—- 1a) 2 Tim 3:1, But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come;
—- 1b) 2 Tim 3:2-4, The ungodly men of the last days:
—— 1a) 2 Tim 3:2a, For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money;
—— 1b) 2 Tim 3:2b, Boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents;
—— 1c) 2 Tim 3:2c-3a, Unthankful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving;
 —— central axis) 2 Tim 3:3b, Slanderers;
—— 2c) 2 Tim 3:3c, Without self-control, brutal, despisers of good;
—— 2b) 2 Tim 3:4a, Traitors, headstrong, haughty;
—— 2a) 2 Tim 3:4b, Lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God;
—- 1c) 2 Tim 3:5, Having a form of godliness but denying its power + from such turn away;
—- 1d) 2 Tim 3:6a, They creep into households + make captives of gullible women;
 —- central axis) 2 Tim 3:6b, Who are loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts;
—- 2d) 2 Tim 3:7, Always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth;
—- 2c) 2 Tim 3:8a, Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth;
—- 2b) 2 Tim 3:8b, Men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith;
—- 2a) 2 Tim 3:9, They will progress no further, their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was;
— 1b) 2 Tim 3:10-11, You have carefully followed me and know what persecutions I endured;
 — central axis) 2 Tim 3:11b, And out of them all the Lord delivered me;
— 2b) 2 Tim 3:12, Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution;
— 2a) 2 Tim 3:13, But evil men + impostors will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived;
1e) 2 Tim 3:14-16, Continue in Scriptures known from childhood, profitable to reprove, correct, instruct;
central axis) 2 Tim 3:17, That the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work;
2e) 2 Tim 4:1-2, Preach the Scriptures in + out of season, by them convince, rebuke, exhort;
2d) 2 Tim 4:3-4, Ungodly and deceived hearers in the last days;
2c) 2 Tim 4:5-8, Watch/ fulfill your ministry + Paul’s ministry completed in faithfulness;
2b) 2 Tim 4:9-21, Paul’s longing to see Timothy:
— 1a) 2 Tim 4:9, Be diligent to come to me quickly;
— 1b) 2 Tim 4:10-13, Instructions + news of fellow ministers;
— 1c) 2 Tim 4:14, Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him;
— 1d) 2 Tim 4:15, Beware him also for he has greatly resisted our words;
— 1e) 2 Tim 4:16a, At my first defense no one stood with me, but all forsook me;
— central axis) 2 Tim 4:16b, May it not be charged against them;
— 2e) 2 Tim 4:17, But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me;
— 2d) 2 Tim 4:17b, So that the message might be preached fully + that all the Gentiles might hear;
— 2c) 2 Tim 4:17c-18, I was delivered from the lion + the Lord will deliver me from every evil;
— 2b) 2 Tim 4:19-20, Instructions + news of fellow ministers;
— 2a) 2 Tim 4:21a, Try to come before winter;
2a) 2 Tim 4:21b-22, Benediction + Lord Jesus Christ/ grace be with you. Amen.

The central axis of the entire book is that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work. The Holy Scripture is the wrapping that surrounds this central point. Knowing them, being immersed in them, and receiving their instruction, reproof, rebuke, correction, and exhortation is necessary to grow up into completeness. Wrapping the Holy Scripture are the ungoldly imposters, who present themselves as men of God but are not, and their counterpart, the ungodly hearers. Neither of these know the Holy Scripture, even if they claim to, nor receive its instruction, reproof, rebuke, correction, and exhortation in godliness.

Proverbs assures us in many places all men need to be instructed and corrected by the truth and by wisdom through the course of their lives, but only wise men receive that instruction and correction (Pro 8:33, 9:9, 13:1, 19:20). May all we be also wise, and come to the Holy Scripture with a submitted heart, ready to receive the truth and act on it!

1 timothy 2:1-8, supplications for kings

Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men,

1 Timothy 2:1

Read 1 Timothy 2 at Bible Gateway.

I realized something when I was working on the chiastic structure for the book of 1 Timothy, which was posted yesterday. This passage stood out to me:

Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions,  and  giving of thanks be made for all men, for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men,  the  Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time, for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle—I am speaking the truth in Christ and not lying—a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth. I desire therefore that the men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting … 1 Tim 2:1-8

This section forms its own chiastic structure, which I did not see before:

1 Tim 2:1-8
1a) 1 Tim 2:1, Let supplications, prayers, intercessions, giving of thanks be made for all men;
1b) 1 Tim 2:2-3, For kings + all in authority, that we may lead quiet lives in godliness (civil authority);
1c) 1 Tim 2:4, God desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth;
central axis) 1 Tim 2:5, There is one God + one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus;
2c) 1 Tim 2:6, Who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time;
2b) 1 Tim 2:7, Paul, appointed preacher, apostle, teacher in faith and truth (church authority);
2a) 1 Tim 2:8, Therefore, men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

The bookends of the structure, the A pair, concern the prayers of the men, and the B pair concern those who are in authority. On the front side, the prayer is for those in civil authority or government. On the back side, the focus is on church authority, for Paul was appointed a preacher, apostle, and teacher … he was five- fold minister of the gospel.

The church is called to pray for kings and all in authority, so that we might be left in peace to live quiet lives in all godliness. Many of us are not being left in peace today to live quiet lives in all godliness, but kings and those in authority are meddling with our daily life, passing laws and imposing expenses which make living our lives in peace difficult.

Church, I wonder if we have spent more time using our mouths to complain about and dishonor kings and those in authority, rather than intercede for them before the throne to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. Out of our mouth comes cursing, not blessing.

Paul instructs the church to let the giving of thanks be made for all men, especially for kings and those in authority. We have not done this. We can thank God that He is on His throne directing the affairs of men and nations, and turning the king’s heart like water in His hand (Pro 21:1). He is smarter than we are and all things serve their purpose. Let us thank Him for it.

Paul also instructs the church to lift up holy hands in prayer without wrath or doubting. On the front side, we are to pray for those in authority, giving thanks; and on the back side, we are to pray without wrath or doubting. There is a lot to be upset about today, but beloved, perhaps we are in this mess because we have made it our business for the past generation to speak ill of kings and those in authority rather than to speak blessing and thanksgiving for them. Perhaps for the past generation we have used our mouth to speak wrath and doubting, instead of using our mouth to intercede for salvation and the gift of wisdom for them in their deliberations.

Yes we need change in this country … and I think it needs to begin with us. Let us repent of our disobedience to the Scriptures, and to the wise instruction for the church. Let us repent of fostering a culture of dishonor for our leaders (Israel did the same in the wilderness against Moses, and this did not please God). Let us forgive sins done against us by those in authority, and speak life over our leaders and our country. If God’s people, not the atheists, unbelievers, and ungodly, will humble themselves and pray and seek His face, and repent of our sin of dishonor, wrath, and doubting, and disobedience to His Word, and turn from our wicked ways, then God will hear us, and forgive US our sins, and heal our land (2 Chr 7:14).

For further reading: roadmap to national restoration (2 chr 7:14)

book of 1 timothy chiastic structure

God our Savior desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

1 Timothy 2:4

Read 1 Timothy at Bible Gateway.

Before we go on to Titus, the entire books of 1 and 2 Timothy form amazing chiastic structures (the teaching tools of scripture explains chiastic structures for those who are unfamiliar with them):

1 Tim 1:1-6:21
1a) 1 Tim 1:1-2, Paul to Timothy, a true son: Grace, mercy, peace from God our Father and Jesus Christ;
1b) 1 Tim 1:2-20, Timothy’s charge: guard sound doctrine from which some have strayed:
— 1a) 1 Tim 1:2-6, To Timothy:
—- 1a.1) 1 Tim 1:2-3, To Timothy, a true son: charge some that they teach no other doctrine;
—- 1a.2) 1 Tim 1:4, Fables + endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification;
—- 1a.3) 1 Tim 1:5-6, Purpose of Law: pure love + good conscience + sincere faith, some having strayed;
— 1b) 1 Tim 1:7-9, The excellence of the Law toward the unrepentant;
— 1c) 1 Tim 1:9-10, Meant for the lawless, unrighteous, those things contrary to sound doctrine;
— 1d) 1 Tim 1:11, According to the gospel of the blessed God which was committed to my trust;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 1:12, I thank Christ Jesus;
— 2d) 1 Tim 1:12, He enabled me, counted me faithful, put me into the ministry;
— 2c) 1 Tim 1:13, Although formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and an insolent man;
— 2b) 1 Tim 1:13-17, The excellence of the King and His mercy toward the repentant;
— 2a) 1 Tim 1:18-20, To Timothy:
—- 2a.1) 1 Tim 1:18, This charge I commit to you, my son Timothy;
—- 2a.2) 1 Tim 1:18, Prophecies concerning you, which cause you to wage the good warfare;
—- 2a.3) 1 Tim 1:19-20, Having faith + good conscience, which some rejected + shipwrecked their faith;
1c) 1 Tim 2:1-8, Prayers + intercession for those in authority (exercise of authority):
— 1a) 1 Tim 2:1, Let supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men;
— 1b) 1 Tim 2:2-3, For kings + all in authority, that we may lead quiet lives in godliness (civil authority);
— 1c) 1 Tim 2:4, God desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 2:5, There is one God + one Mediator between God + men, the Man Christ Jesus;
— 2c) 1 Tim 2:6, Who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time;
— 2b) 1 Tim 2:7, Paul, appointed preacher, apostle, teacher in faith and truth (church authority);
— 2a) 1 Tim 2:8, Therefore, men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
1d) 1 Tim 2:9-15, Proper exercise/ care of church authority:
— 1a) 1 Tim 2:9-10, Proper adornment for women (modesty and good works);
— 1b) 1 Tim 2:11, Let a woman learn in silence with all submission;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 2:12a, I do not permit women to teach or have authority over men;
— 2b) 1 Tim 2:12, Let a woman be in silence;
— 2a) 1 Tim 2:13-15, Proper order for women (men in authority over women).
1e) 1 Tim 3:1-13, Qualification of bishops + deacons:
— 1a) 1 Tim 3:1, If a man desires the position of a bishop, he desires a good work;
— 1b) 1 Tim 3:2-5, Qualifications of a bishop;
— 1c) 1 Tim 3:6, Not a novice, lest he be prideful/ fall into the same condemnation as the devil;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 3:7, Moreover he must have a good testimony among those who are outside;
— 2c) 1 Tim 3:7, Lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil;
— 2b) 1 Tim 3:8-12, Qualifications of a deacon;
— 2a) 1 Tim 3:13, Those who have served as deacons obtain good standing + great boldness in the faith.
1f) 1 Tim 3:14-15, I write that you may know how to conduct yourself in the house of God;
central axis of the book) 1 Tim 3:16, “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the Spirit, Seen by angels; Preached among the Gentiles, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory;”
2f) 1 Tim 4:1-16, Instruction for Timothy as church pastor:
— 1a) 1 Tim 4:1-5, Some will depart from the faith, heeding deceiving spirits + doctrines of demons;
— 1b) 1 Tim 4:6-8a, Instruct + good minister + word and doctrine + exercise godliness:
—- 1b.1) 1 Tim 4:6a, Instruct the brethren in these things,
—- 1b.2) 1 Tim 4:6b, And you will be a good minister of Jesus Christ;
—- 1b.3) 1 Tim 4:6c-7a, Nourished in the Word + good doctrine which you have carefully followed;
—- 1b.4) 1 Tim 1:7b-8a, Exercise yourself toward godliness which is profitable;
— 1c) 1 Tim 4:8b, The promise of eternal life;
— 1d) 1 Tim 4:9, This word is faithful and true;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 4:10a, For to this end we both labor and suffer reproach;
— 2d) 1 Tim 4:10b, We trust in the living God;
— 2c) 1 Tim 4:10c, The Savior of all men, especially those who believe;
— 2b) 1 Tim 4:11-15, Command and teach + good example + word and doctrine + exercise gift:
—- 2b.1) 1 Tim 4:11, These things command and teach;
—- 2b.2) 1 Tim 4:12, Be an example to the believers in word and conduct;
—- 2b.3) 1 Tim 4:13, Give attention to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine;
—- 2b.4) 1 Tim 4:14-15, Exercise the gift in you … that all may see your progress;
— 2a) 1 Tim 4:16, Take heed to yourself + doctrine, so you will save yourself + those who hear you.
2e) 1 Tim 5:1-19, Qualifications of true widows/ treatment of elderly + elders:
— 1a) 1 Tim 5:1a, Do not rebuke an older man;
— 1b) 1 Tim 5:1b-2, Exhort older men as fathers, women as mothers (younger as brothers/ sisters);
— 1c) 1 Tim 5:3-10, Care of real widows + family to provide for their own widows:
—- 1a) 1 Tim 5:3, Honor widows who are really widows;
—- 1b) 1 Tim 5:4, But widows with children, let them repay their parents; as is good + acceptable;
—- 1c) 1 Tim 5:5, She is really a widow who is left alone, trusting in God + continuing in prayers;
 —- central axis) 1 Tim 5:6, But she who lives in pleasure is dead while she lives;
—- 2c) 1 Tim 5:7, These things command, that they may be blameless;
—- 2b) 1 Tim 5:8, Anyone not providing for his household has denied faith + worse than unbeliever;
—- 2a) 1 Tim 5:9-10, Real widows: 60+, been wife of one man, known for good works;
— 1d) 1 Tim 5:11-12, Refuse younger widows as they desire to remarry + cast off their first faith;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 5:13, “And besides they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house, and not only idle but also gossips and busybodies, saying things which they ought not;”
— 2d) 1 Tim 5:14-15, Charge younger widows to marry + some already turned aside;
— 2c) 1 Tim 5:16, Let believers relieve their own widows + that the church may relieve real widows;
— 2b) 1 Tim 5:17-18, Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor;
— 2a) 1 Tim 5:19, Do not receive an accusation against an elder except from two or three witnesses.
2d) 1 Tim 5:20-25, Proper exercise/ care of church authority;
2c) 1 Tim 6:1-2a, Proper honor between bondservants and masters (exercise of authority);
2b) 1 Tim 6:2b-21a, Timothy’s charge: teach sound doctrine from which some have strayed:
— 1a) 1 Tim 6:2b-5a, Teach + exhort; those obsessed with disputes over words, destitute of the truth;
— 1b) 1 Tim 6:5b-14, Flee the desire to be rich:
—- 1b.1) 1 Tim 6:5b-10, Warning to flee the desire to be rich;
—- 1b.2) 1 Tim 6:11, Flee these/ pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, gentleness;
—- 1b.3) 1 Tim 6:12, Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life;
—- 1b.4) 1 Tim 6:13-14, I urge you in the sight of God that you keep this commandment without spot;
 — central axis) 1 Tim 6:15-16, Jesus Christ, King of kings + Lord of lords, to whom be honor Amen;
— 2b) 1 Tim 6:17-20a, To those who are rich in this present age:
—- 2b.1) 1 Tim 6:17, Commandment to those who are rich in this present age;
—- 2b.2) 1 Tim 6:18-19a, Let them be rich in good works, ready to give, willing to share;
—- 2b.3) 1 Tim 6:19b, That they may lay hold on eternal life;
—- 2b.4) 1 Tim 6:20a, O Timothy! Guard what was committed to your trust;
— 2a) 1 Tim 6:20b-21a, Avoid profane + idle babblings of what is falsely called knowledge;
2a) 1 Tim 6:21b, Grace be with you. Amen.

To be continued …

genesis 28:10-32:2, vayetze, “and he left”

Read Genesis 28:10-32:2 at Bible Gateway.

"Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go."

Genesis 28:15

(Beginning with this post, I am trying to post the torah portion studies one week ahead, for those who like to study ahead.)

Torah portion vayetze is a single strong paragraph according to the Hebrew paragraph divisions (the teaching tools of scripture explain the teaching tools of hebrew paragraph divisions and chiastic structures):

Gen 28:10-32:2 {p} God fulfills His promise to Jacob

How did I come up with the topic theme of this paragraph, that God fulfilled His promise to Jacob? The single chiastic structure formed by this paragraph reveals it.

I found it interesting that only at the end of this long paragraph, do we have our first strong paragraph division in several chapters. The last strong paragraph division was at the end of Gen 25. So the entire section which God considers teaching a single overarching theme, is:

Gen 26:1-33 {s} Isaac and Abimelech (life of Isaac repeats events from the life of Abraham)
Gen 26:34-35 {s} Esau’s wives
Gen 27:1-28:9 {s} Jacob receives the blessing + Jacob’s wife (Life of Jacob repeats events from the life of Isaac)
Gen 28:10-32:2 {p} God fulfills His promise to Jacob (wives + children + flocks)

It turns out this single strong theme forms its own chiastic structure:

Gen 26:1-32:2
1a) Gen 26:1-33 {s}, God blesses Isaac in the land of his sojourning (Isaac and Abimelech);
1b) Gen 26:34-35 {s}, Esau’s wives;
central axis) Gen 27:1-42, Jacob receives the blessing;
2b) Gen 27:43-28:9 {s}, Jacob’s wife;
2a) Gen 28:10-32:2 {p}, God blesses Jacob in the land of his sojourning (wives + children + flocks).

The mystery of Esau’s wives is solved! Last week we saw that torah portion toledoth formed its own chiastic structure, leaving out the two verses of Gen 26:34-35 concerning Esau’s wives. We speculated at the time that it stood out like a sore thumb because it was a necessary component of a greater chiastic structure. And so it has proven to be.

The greater strong theme of this section seems to be, that God is transferring the blessing, covenant, and promises of Abraham to Isaac, and then to Jacob. Events from Isaac’s life repeat events from Abraham’s life, and events from Jacob’s life repeat events from Isaac’s life. God is revealing that the blessing, covenant, and promises in fact passed from Abraham to Isaac, not Ishmael; and then passed from Isaac to Jacob, not Esau. This reality revealed that the lives of the patriarchs also form an interesting repeating chiastic structure.