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The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever. Isa 40:8

Tag Archives: exodus

exodus 10:1-13:16, bo “go” chiastic structure

Read Exodus 10:1-13:16 at Bible Gateway.

The paragraph divisions for bo are posted here. This torah portion forms its own chiastic structure:

Exo 10:1-13:16 {s+p+p+sx3+p+s+p+p+s+px3}
1a) Exo 10:1-2, I perform these signs before Pharaoh that you may tell your son the mighty things I have done;
1b) Exo 10:3-29 {s+p+p} “Let My people go that they may serve Me,” to be accomplished by the Lord’s outstretched arm;
1c) Exo 11:1-3 {s} Pharaoh will drive you out/ favor in the sight of the Egyptians:
— 1) Exo 11:1, One more plague, afterward Pharaoh will let you go/ drive you out;
— 2) Exo 11:2-3 {s} Ask silver + gold/ the Lord gave them favor in the sight of Egyptians;
1d) Exo 11:4-10 {s+s} At midnight I will strike the land of Egypt and the all the firstborn shall die;
1e) Exo 12:1, Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying;
1f) Exo 12:2-14, Passover instruction:
— 1) Exo 12:2-11, Choose + kill unblemished lamb/ its blood on the doorposts + lintel;
— 2) Exo 12:12-13, For I will pass through Egypt + strike the firstborn/ when I see the blood, I will pass over you;
— 3) Exo 12:14, This Passover a memorial feast to the Lord throughout your generations by everlasting ordinance;
1g) Exo 12:15-16, Eat unleavened bread for seven days/ whoever eats leaven will be cut off;
1h) Exo 12:17a, You shall observe Unleavened Bread;
central axis) Exo 12:17b, On this day I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt;
1h) Exo 12:17c, Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance;
2g) Exo 12:18-20 {p} You shall eat unleavened bread for seven days/ whoever eats leaven shall be cut off;
2f) Exo 12:21-27, Passover commandment:
— 1) Exo 12:21-22, Choose + kill the Passover lamb/ its blood on the lintel + doorposts;
— 2) Exo 12:23, The Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians/ when He sees the blood, He will pass over the door;
— 3) Exo 12:24-27, You shall observe this Passover as an ordinance for you and your sons forever;
2e) Exo 12:28 {s} The children of Israel did so; just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did;
2d) Exo 12:29-30, At midnight the Lord struck the firstborn of Egypt, and they died;
2c) Exo 12:31-36 {p} Pharaoh drove them out/ favor in the sight of the Egyptians:
— 1) Exo 12:31-34, Pharaoh let them go/ Egyptians drove them out in haste;
— 2) Exo 12:35-36 {p} Israel asked silver + gold/ the Lord gave them favor in the sight of Egyptians.
2b) Exo 12:37-51 {p+s+p} Israel ceased their sojourn in Egypt:
— 1a) Exo 12:37-42 {p} At the end of 430 years—on that very same day—all the armies of the Lord went out from Egypt;
— 1b) Exo 12:43, And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover;”
 — central axis) Exo 12:43b-49, The regulations for the ordinance of the Passover;
— 2b) Exo 12:50 {s} Thus all the children of Israel did; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did;
— 2a) Exo 12:51 {p} On that very same day, the Lord brought the children of Israel out of Egypt according to their armies;
2a) Exo 13:1-16 {p+p} Ordinance of the firstborn / Unleavened Bread a testimony to future generations.

So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.I find it interesting that remembering the Lord’s mighty outstretched arm in accomplishing deliverance for Israel as a testimony to future generations is a key highlighted at the open and close of this parashah.

Now the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine before him, and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.” Exo 10:1-2

So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is  this?’ that you shall say to him, ‘By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ Exo 13:14-15

The purpose for telling these things in the hearing of our sons and son’s son, is that we and they may know that God is the I AM, YHVH. YHVH means, the Greater One than all the false gods of man- made religion; YHVH means Savior to the uttermost by the blood of our Passover Lamb, Messiah Yeshua; YHVH means Bringer out of whatever darkness and bondage the enemy has us trapped in, and complete Deliverer.

(Please notice that the LORD did not deliver Israel from Egypt so that they could now be anarchists, living in whatever manner they chose for themselves, but so that Israel could serve YHVH rather than serving Pharaoh, He brought them out, Exo 10:3.)

Perhaps we lose 90% of our children to the world, precisely because as the body of Messiah, we have been taught to ignore these remembrances and scoff at these observances with all their attendant regulations, which are an ordinance forever? Perhaps our children do not learn the meaning of “I am YHVH” for themselves because we have ignored the wisdom prescribed by God to transfer the faith from one generation to the next? Perhaps when we do not observe this Passover and Unleavened Bread, we are declaring by our non- observance, that we are not grafted in to the olive tree of Israel (Rom 11:17)? And perhaps, when we realize these things, and repent and return, and submit ourselves to the Lord our God, He also has mercy on our sons and our sons’ sons, and returns them to us, just as we have returned ourselves to Him.


torah teachings index for sat 21 dec 2013

This is My name forever.

If you are reading the annual Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Exo 1:1-6:1, annual  parashah  shemot,  “names”  (index of study notes). This is the new post for this torah reading.

If you are reading the triennial Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Gen 43:24-44:17, triennial cycle vayavei ha-ish, “then the man brought” (index of study notes).

exodus 1:1-6:1, annual cycle shemot, “names”

Read Exodus 1:1-6:1 at Bible Gateway.

Exodus 2:5-6

The teaching tools of scripture
The hebrew paragraph divisions for exodus

The complete chiastic structure formed by shemot is posted here. The biblical chronology and Egyptian chronology, the Pharaoh of the Exodus, and Moses as a Messianic type, is discussed here. The signs of the power of the Spirit from the Old Testament, and more signs of Messiah in the narrative of Moses, is discussed here. That God is teaching everyone from Pharaoh down, what “I am YHVH” means, is discussed here.

One of the strong paragraphs in shemot always troubled me, so I studied it further this year:

Exo 4:18-26 {p} Return to Egypt with authority (rod of God) + obedience (circumcision)

Exo 4:18-26 {p}
1a) Exo 4:18, Moses to Jethro his father in law: “Let me go and return to my brethren in Egypt;”
1b) Exo 4:19-20, The men who sought Moses’ life + return journey to Egypt with his wife and sons:
— 1) Exo 4:19, The Lord said to Moses, “Return to Egypt, for all the men are dead who sought your life;”
— 2) Exo 4:20, Moses took his wife and sons, set them on a donkey + returned to Egypt with the rod of God in his hand;
1c) Exo 4:21, The Lord said to Moses: “Do these wonders before Pharaoh, but he will not let the people go;”
central axis) Exo 4:22-23a, Say to Pharaoh, “Israel is My son, My firstborn; Let My son go, that he may serve Me;”
2c) Exo 4:23b, “And if you refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay your son, even your firstborn;”
2b) Exo 4:24-25, The Lord sought to kill him + Moses’ wife and son (circumcision):
— 1) Exo 4:24, Along the way at the inn, the Lord met him and sought to kill him;
— 2) Exo 4:25, Zipporah cut off the foreskin of her son + cast it at his feet: “You are a husband of blood;”
2a) Exo 4:26, So He let him go.

Exo 4:25-26
1a) Exo 4:25a, Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at Moses’ feet;
1b) Exo 4:25b, And said, “Surely a bloody husband you are to me;”
central axis) Exo 4:26a, So He let him go;
2b) Exo 4:26b, Then she said, “A bloody husband you are;”
2a) Exo 4:26c, Because of the circumcision.

This question has always plagued me about this parashah: Why did God provide a deliverer for Israel through miraculous circumstances, and call, equip, and anoint him for his task, then seek to kill him when he was finally on his way back to Egypt to execute his commission?

Moses, being born to the house of Levi in Egypt, was circumcised on the eighth day according to the covenant God made with Abraham. I believe this is how Pharaoh’s daughter was able to recognize immediately that the baby in the basket was a baby boy of the Hebrews. His sons born to his wife Zipporah, were not circumcised on the eighth day according to the covenant of God. Zipporah seems to have been opposed to the practice, and so Moses did not press the issue.

However, I believe that when Moses met God in the burning bush, it became fresh on his heart again to circumcise his sons after the covenant of God. It is clear that Zipporah remained opposed. Moses did not overrule his wife, but took the rod of God in his hand to accomplish his commission.

The rod of God represents the authority of God. The Hebrew letter lamed originally was a pictograph of the shepherd’s staff or rod, the tool of his office which allowed him to lead and direct the sheep. The lamed then can not only mean to shepherd, direct, or teach, but also to wield authority. The scepter of the king is the rod of his authority. When the authority of Aaron to act as high priest was questioned among the elders of Israel, it was Aaron’s rod that budded out of all the other rods.

God charged and anointed Moses with authority to command Pharaoh and accomplish deliverance for Israel, and the rod of God in his hand was the symbol that his message was indeed, “Thus saith the Lord.” The signs and wonders which the rod allowed Moses to perform, confirmed the Word of the Lord, and established that Moses’ authority had in fact been given to him by God.

But if Moses would not obey God when his wife said, “No;” how was he going to obey God when Pharaoh said, “No?” If he would not do the simple thing of circumcising his sons in faith, how was he going to do the hard thing of shepherding six million of the children of Israel? When Moses showed God that he would not exercise his rightful authority over his wife, God took the drastic step of seeking to kill Moses, as the Scripture records. In other words, the rod of God must necessarily be wielded by a man submitted in faith and in obedience to the Lord his God above all others.

We know nothing about how the Lord sought Moses’ life. If it had been the Lord’s intention to have Moses dead and go on to the next candidate, Moses would be dead, and a struggle would not have ensued. (The Lord God wrestled with Jacob also, when Jacob faced his crossroads of obedience.) That Moses and Zipporah both knew why Moses’ life was being sought, and who was seeking it, is clear. Zipporah relented to save her husband’s life, however casting the foreskin disdainfully at his feet, and calling him a husband of blood.

But Moses learned that day just how serious the Lord was when He asked something of him. I believe this incident was a turning point in Moses’ life and heart, which strengthened him to become the servant faithful in all His house for the next 40 years, as Scripture records of him.

torah teachings index for sat 21 sep 2013

My Presence will go with you, and I will give you rest.

Exodus 33:14

If you are reading the annual Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Exo 33:12-34:26, chol hamo’ed sukkot, “weekdays of the feast of tabernacles” (index of study notes). This is the new post for this torah reading.

If you are reading the triennial Torah cycle, this Sabbath’s Torah reading is Gen 29:31-30:20, triennial cycle vayara yehovah, “Yehovah saw” (index of study notes).